New sonar searches for Spanish Armada wreckage to take place in Co Sligo

Fionnbarr Moore told that this summer a sonar survey will take place on the area, to see if more items can be recovered from the wreckage. Only a handful of Spanish Armada wrecks have been identified from those which sank on the Irish coast – so surveys like this help to shed more light on this period of history.


Spanish Navy Ship to Commemorate Armada in Sligo


As part of the upcoming Celtic Fringe Festival, which commemorates Spanish Armada links with Sligo, a Spanish Navy ship will sail into Sligo Bay for the duration of the festival between September 22nd-25th next.

The OPV Centinela will join a flotilla of local boats for a Parade of Sail from Mullaghmore to Streedagh Beach to remember the 1,100 souls who perished there in 1588, when 3 ships of the Spanish Armada sank during Winter storms.

“The Parade of Sail will be an opportunity to remember all of the Spanish sailors who were part of the Armada, as we seek to continue to uncover one of the great untold stories of the history of this county,” said Eddie O’Gorman, Chairperson of the Celtic Fringe Festival ahead of this September’s events.

Boat owners interested in forming part of the flotilla to honour the Spanish Armada on Sunday afternoon September 25th are asked to contact the festival in advance on

The Parade of Sail will form the culmination of the festival’s events which this year will see a series of events and lectures take place in Sligo town, in Grange and at Streedagh. Many of the events are free to the public and include guided walks along the De Cuellar Trail, the route taken by the Spanish Armada Captain Francisco de Cuellar, one of the few to escape the English after the Armada. Other highlights include nightly music events, a series of Armada lectures at the Glasshouse Hotel, and a Gala Reception at Sligo City Hall hosted by Mayor of Sligo Marie Casserly to honour the Spanish Deputy Head of Mission of the Spanish Embassy to Ireland, Mr. Rafael Soriano, Vice Admiral Fernando Zumalacárregui, Director of Naval History and Culture and Director of the Naval Museum; Lieutenant Commander Miguel Adolfo Romero Contreras and Officers of OPV Centinela, Spanish Navy (Armada).

“The Spanish Embassy is delighted to be part of the Celtic Fringe Festival”, Ambassador Rodríguez-Coso said, “and the participation of OPV Centinela will highlight the fact that the Festival has great emotional value for Spain, since the Streedagh wrecks happen to be the resting place for more than a thousand Spanish soldiers and sailors”. “I would also like to pay tribute to the outstanding work of GADA (the Grange & Armada Development Association) in the preservation of the Armada Memory in Sligo. Due to unforeseen circumstances, and much to my regret, I will not be able to attend this year´s edition of the Festival but I am happy to announce that Deputy Head of Mission Rafael Soriano will represent the Embassy during this event”.

“It’s a great honour to have our Spanish guests of honour in attendance for the Celtic Fringe Festival,” said Councillor Casserly. “This is the second visit by a Spanish delegation to Sligo to commemorate the Armada, and we are delighted that they have decided to visit us again this year to take part in the events relating to their country’s history. This is another important chapter in linking Sligo and Spain and the history we share in relation to the Spanish Armada.”

Lieutenant Commander Miguel Romero Contreras, Commanding Officer of the Spanish Navy’s OPV Centinela said “we are thrilled to be part of this celebration and be given the opportunity to pay respect, together with the people of Sligo, to all those sailors who paid the ultimate sacrifice serving our country”.

3 ships, the Santa Maria de Visión, the Juliana and the Lavia, sank at Streedagh Beach following the Spanish Armada retreat from the pursuing English Navy during the Autumn of 1588. Last Summer, dives at Streedagh by the Underwater Archaeology Unit (UAU) of the Dept. of Arts, Heritage, Regional, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs recovered 9 cannon and several other artefacts from one of the sunken vessels, the Juliana. These artefacts are now undergoing a lengthy restoration and preservation process in the National Museum, Dublin.

“These were most significant finds,” said Fionnbarr Moore of the UAU of the recovery of the Streedagh cannon. “It was incredible to bring to the surface cannon and other items which had most likely never been seen since the Armada sank. The cannon, in particular, are in excellent condition, and the preservation process is now well underway.”

Following on from the discovery of the Juliana artefacts in 2015, news of their retrieval became a worldwide event. Extensive print, online and TV coverage followed, including in many of the Spanish national news media. A listing of these press cuttings can be accessed at this link.

The annual Celtic Fringe Festival takes place on September 22nd-25th next at various locations in Sligo, Grange, Streedagh and Mullaghmore, and further details on the programme of events are available at

OPV Centinela 01.jpg

OPV Centinela


The recoveries from La Juliana in 2015 continues to attract attention in Spain

An article by David Revelles (who has visited with us in Streedagh several times over the past five years) was recently published in El País, a Spanish newspaper with a world wide readership: El último disparo de ‘La Juliana’.

An English translation courtesy of Jo Holmwood follows.

The last shot of ‘La Juliana’

The discovery of nine cannons from the wrecked ship of the Spanish Armada serves to forge an agreement between the Spanish and Irish Governments to preserve their shared heritage.

The bowels of the National Museum of Ireland Collins Barracks, on the banks of Dublin’s River Liffey, harbour a treasure that can open a new path in the preservation of underwater heritage of Spain: nine bronze cannons, a representation of the 32 that were aboard the merchant ship La Juliana, of the Spanish Armada at the time of her wreckage, on 21 September 1588. Recovered last summer on the beach of Streedagh, north of the city of Sligo, along with other artefacts from the ship, it will be two years before anyone can contemplate them there, wherever they may finally be exhibited. “During that time they will be my guests, to whom I will dedicate all my attention and facilities” jokes Rolly Read, head of the Conservation Department at the museum, while moving through the dark, labyrinthine corridors that lead to the room where the cannons rest.

It is the same route taken a few weeks ago by a group comprising some of the chiefs of Spanish underwater archaeology, with Ivan Negueruela, director of the National Museum of Underwater Archaeology (ARQUA), at its head, and representatives of the Ministry of Culture. Their objective? It’s twofold: to meet these huge cannons in person and, above all, to seal an agreement with the Irish government and the team of archaeologists who oversaw their discovery, to collaborate in ensuring the recovery of rest of the cannons, which are still reposing in the waters at Streedagh.

“The agreement between the Ministries of Culture of Ireland and Spain is consolidated by a permanent collaboration in everything that has to do with the Great Armada” explains Negueruela, who makes no effort to hide his delight in a collaboration that could signify a decisive turnaround in the preservation of Spanish underwater heritage on the island. “Of course, this common effort will be two-way, in so much as we will supply our colleagues with documentary material from our historical archives so they can frame their findings, while they can count on us to participate on the ground in future underwater campaigns,” says this expert.

The laboratory, full of strange devices, pipes and tools, looks like something out of an American forensic series. A damp marine-like vapour pervades the atmosphere. Inside, archaeologists Fionnbarr Moore and Karl Brady, members of the Underwater Archaeology Unit (UAU) which is charged with the work on the wreck, look over a pair of artillery pieces submerged in a huge tank of water, with a fatherly expression. “After four centuries on the sea bed, they have earned a deserved and exhaustive conservation process that will strip them of the crust of erosion and oblivion,” says Read. The cannons will enjoy two years of rest, in some way, a vacant time. So Irish experts who are studying them have begun to check and have discovered pages of the Great Armada of Felipe II, silenced for centuries by a shroud of oblivion and ocean.

For starters, if the forger who gave life to the cannons in 1570 – the founding date, engraved in Roman numerals on the breech – could hear the Irish expert, he would give him a brotherly hug for looking after his creatures with such care. “We can now confirm that most of the recovered guns came from Genoa, from the workshop of Doria II Gioardi, one of the masters of the XVI century, as evidenced by the letter D surrounding the combustion chamber,” says Brady.

With exquisite care, Fionnbarr Moore, the director of the archaeological campaign, opens the black plastic which, like a shroud protects the four gigantic packages which, lined up like a battalion of soldiers killed in battle, occupy most of the laboratory. The archaeologist’s grey eyes sparkle when he reveals one of the surprises that is repeated on most of the guns rescued from La Juliana: engravings of different saints, designed to guarantee the shot when spitting fire, bullets and shrapnel, decorate the breech of each piece. Santa Ilaria, San Severo, San Giovani, Santa Madrona … “Do not forget that against the English protestant boats, as with the Turks, these ships were waging an ideological, religious war, which is epitomised in these holy saints”, explains Moore, while running a finger over the figure of San Sebastian, resplendent against the reptile skin of the cannon.

True, its coppery colour is not as suggestive as the gold cannon reposing in the cellars of the galleon San Jose, which was discovered in Colombia in the summer of 2015. However, despite the centuries, its silence continues whispering stories. “Although the guns are spectacular, I see them for what they are, tools of destruction, weapons created to kill men Brady confesses, hence what fascinates me most about working on a boat like is getting closer to its biography, its past and everything that it lived through before being wrecked.”

On that score, La Juliana did more than her fair share. And before capsizing, although originally created to transport grain or wine in her hold, she ended up living dangerously. For example, in 1571, she fought as a support ship in Lepanto. “It is likely that her participation in that battle took place with this special booty,” theorizes Moore while fixing his stare on the bottom of one of the tanks: a Turkish cannon, whose combustion chamber is finished off with Arabic lettering, shares its space and its destiny with a piece that is engraved with the image of San Roque.

Archaeologists are convinced that they will be new surprises, both from this boat and the others that are resting on the beach Streedagh and which ran the same fate. Of that Read gives one confidence, as he moistens the olive skin of a cannon with spray. Some menacing flames carved on the cannon’s shaft glisten under the patina. “The Spanish Armada always has an ace up its sleeve,” he says. And if not just ask the English specialist who is charged with restoring one of the stone cannons of La Juliana, now exhibited in the museum, which was discovered in the 80s. “On elevating the tank – he recalls, laughingly – after having been immersed in hot water to remove impurities, a cannon ball that was blocked in the barrel of the cannon fell dramatically, and smashed it to bits.” “That was the last shot, the last surprise of La Juliana,” he declares with British irony.

David Revelles has made two documentaries on the Armada in Ireland and is an enthusiastic supporter of GADA projects.

Armada Interpretive Centre needed urgently

streedagh cannon 01

Grange and Armada Development Association (GADA) has welcomed with delight the announcement of Minister for Arts Heritage and The Gaeltacht, Heather Humphries, of funding for the preservation of the Streedagh Wrecks site at Grange, Co. Sligo.
“This development is something that we have being working towards for the past five years,” said Chairman of GADA Eddie O’Gorman.

Recent survey findings have revealed the vulnerability of the Armada Wrecks at Streedagh and GADA is determined to assist and support the State authorities in the recovery and preservation of precious artefacts contained in the endangered wrecks.
“We are appealing for funding for a number of developments which will enhance this unique tourist resource and attract international visitors to the north Sligo region.
“The first step is the urgent upgrade of the old courthouse at Grange to provide a state of the art Armada Interpretive and Visitor Centre which will act as a focal point for the work on the Streedagh Wreck site,” said Mr O’Gorman.

The group also feels the development of a secure holding facility in Grange to house the necessary ancillary vessels and equipment is of vital importance.
“This could also contain a temporary conservation facility to accommodate artefacts recovered from the wreck,” said the GADA Chairman.

“In the medium term a modest conservation project open to the public could be developed in partnership with a third level institution. A citizen science educational facility,” Mr O’Gorman said.

Meanwhile the long term aim of GADA is the establishment of a museum space, as resources become available, for the display of artefacts that have an intrinsic connection to the North West Region.

Ever since the loss of three great ships of the Spanish Armada and over 1,100 men, including soldiers, sailors, and noblemen, on the beach at Streedagh on September 21, 1588, the people of North Sligo have commemorated this world history event in folk memory. Through the work of Grange and Armada Development Association locals have marked the story of this maritime disaster in many ways over the years. GADA’s mission is to establish Grange as the Armada Centre for Ireland through the protection and conservation of the Armada Wreck site at Streedagh, the development of an Armada Interpretive Centre, and to host an annual series of events commemorating the Armada story.

The Celtic Fringe festival, now in its fifth year, has promoted the Armada and De Cuellar stories through lectures, music and drama, walks, and tours and this year, the headline event will be a re-enactment of the aftermath of one of the greatest maritime disasters in world history.
”Reviving the Armada” takes place on Streedagh beach on September 19.

A race against time to save Spanish Armada wrecks before they are lost forever

The article below is published in today’s Irish Times (14/04/2015) and is a excellent piece by one of Ireland’s leading historians and UCC Senior Lecturer and Visiting Scholar at St Catharine’s College, Cambridge, Mr Hiram Morgan (

It is a wonderful article detailing the Armada story, the 3 wrecks at Streedagh ( La Juliana, La Lavia, and La Santa Maria de Visón) and also highlights the core aims and objectives of GADA which is to establish Grange as the Armada Centre for Ireland through, inter alia:
the protection and conservation of the Armada wreck site at Streedagh;
the development of an Armada Interpretive Centre at the Courthouse in Grange; the hosting of an annual series of events commemorating the Armada story.

Can everyone who has a interest in this story please like and share this article to their FB timeline so that we can maximise the reach of the Armada story and the 3 Streedagh wrecks that Hiram Morgan has advanced in his article and that the Grange and Armada Development Association are eager to develop going forward.

A race against time to save Spanish Armada wrecks before they are lost forever

Historic wreckage on Sligo coast is in danger of being swept out to open sea

Something massive and urgent needs to be done to excavate and recover the Armada wrecks on Streedagh Strand, Co Sligo. If our State has any real interest in heritage and its tourist and wealth-generating potential, this is the key test.

Two summers ago a 7 metre-long portion of one of the rudders from Armada wrecks was washed up on the shore; now in the most recent storms in February this year more large pieces of wreckage have come ashore. The very latest is a small cannonball. The increasing force of the Atlantic storm surge and the resultant coastal erosion, both brought about by climate change, are clearly in the process of disturbing and possibly breaking up the underwater site.

The three wrecks in question are La Juliana (860 tonnes from Sicily), La Lavia (728 tonnes from Venice) and La Santa Maria de Visón (666 tonnes from Dubrovnik). As the great military historian Geoffrey Parker notes, such Mediterranean grain ships, which formed the Armada’s Levant squadron, made “excellent bulk carriers but poor warships”. As commandeered merchantmen, their task was to transport supplies and siege equipment for the use in the invasion of England but when that did not happen because of the August 1588 engagements in the Channel, they became a liability in the heavier waters of the North Sea and Atlantic. As a result, battle-scarred and leaking, these Levanters were among the first Armada ships to seek shelter on the Irish coast. In September they were anchored for four days off Sligo when a big storm hit. They tried in vain to exit Donegal Bay for the open sea but were instead driven onto the coast at Streedagh Strand. Over a thousand sailors and soldiers were drowned in the disaster. Queen Elizabeth’s man on the spot, George Bingham, killed 140 of survivors – presumably men too weak or injured either to escape the beach or put up resistance. He reported on others who, although stripped of their clothes and valuables by opportunistic locals, had already got away to the safety of Leitrim where they were being protected by the chieftain, Brian O’Rourke.

One of them was Captain Francisco de Cuellar, the most famous of all Armada survivors, because of the long letter he wrote recounting his adventures. He was a prisoner on board La Lavia, having been cashiered from his command for not following orders after the Battle of Gravelines for which he narrowly avoided execution. The storm took less than an hour to break up it and the other two ships by crashing them against rocks and the fine sands. Sea conditions at Streedagh Strand – which even in fine weather is a very dangerous beach – were lethal in such circumstances and Cuellar’s description is a lasting testimony:

“Many were drowning within the ships; others, casting themselves into the water, sank to the bottom without returning to the surface; others on rafts and barrels, and gentlemen on pieces of timber, others cried aloud in the ships, calling upon God; captains threw their chains and crown-pieces into the sea; the waves swept others away, washing them out of the ships. While I was regarding this solemn scene, I did not know what to do, nor what means to adopt, as I did not know how to swim, and the waves and storm were very great; and, on the other hand, the land and the shore were full of enemies, who went about jumping and dancing with delight at our misfortunes; and when any one of our people reached the beach, two hundred savages and other enemies fell upon him and stripped him of what he had on until he was left in his naked skin”.

Cuellar eventually managed to make it to shore clinging to a hatch cover, and despite sustaining a leg injury, reached the dunes thereby avoiding first the marauding locals and then the murdering soldiers. That was the beginning of his long and eventful journey across Ireland, escape by boat to neutral Scotland, followed by repatriation to the Spanish Netherlands where he arrived a year later. Cuellar was one of about 100 survivors from the Streedagh wrecks to make it home – though about half a dozen stayed behind, including Pedro Blanco who became footman and trusted servant to Hugh O’Neill, earl of Tyrone. Even though the Armada had failed in the English Channel, its terrible end on the Irish coast had ironic consequences as it had destabilised the North-West and helped usher in the Nine Years War (1594-1603) during which the Irish leaders sought Spanish assistance against England.

Cuellar’s story is the centrepiece of local efforts – focused on the Grange and Armada Development Association – which has in recent years produced an annual conference, music and drama about the intrepid Spaniard and two visits from Spanish TV documentary makers. What would make the real difference though is a museum at Grange full of artefacts. Lord Deputy Fitzwilliam, who made a looping march through Connacht and Ulster in late 1588 said that he saw enough wreckage to build ‘five of the greatest ships that ever I saw’. Since his main interest was getting his grubby hands on Spanish gold, it was probably left to others to salvage the boats, cables, cordage and masts littering the shoreline. Yet it is plain from contemporary maps that parts of the ships remained visible out to sea for years until they eventually disappeared beneath the waves.

In 1985 divers discovered the wrecks lying in 20 metres of water about 500 metres from the shore. At the time they were brought up three small cannon but a lot of heavier artefacts remained on the seabed. These included a large cannon from Palermo, which caused the team to identify it as being from La Juliana, and a rudder presumably from the same vessel. The sands nestling and covering the rest of the wrecks plainly preserved hundreds of other objects out of sight. But do they still? Because it now appears, with the rudder and other things being washed up, that these are becoming unstable.

Obviously action is needed. Stuff could just as easily be swept away out to sea as thrown up on land, the more so because of Streedagh’s strong currents. In spite of the sterling community activism and engagement, such a recovery is well beyond the capabilities of citizen archaeologists. Their role at best is monitoring the site. In fact this is really a job the State needs to undertake but its archaeological capacity is in a weakened state. The National Monuments Service has a renowned Underwater Archaeology Unit. It is extraordinarily capable and professional but does not have adequate resources beyond electronic surveying of the site and testing and conserving what by fortune is cast up.

What we need at Streedagh is strategic government investment in a full-scale, technically advanced project aimed at recovery, conservation and ultimately display. This should be seen as an economic investment in a disadvantaged area. And almost certainly it would cost far less than what the IDA gives to foreign multinationals in start-up grants and tax breaks. Of course it could be declared an international European project and help sought from the EU and from the other countries whose ships were involved but that would be a sad cop-out.

If the Government is any way serious about the Wild Atlantic Way project, this exactly is the sort of thing that must be accomplished. The other big Armada discoveries, La Trinidad Valencera in Inishowen and La Girona in north Antrim – were also big Mediterranean vessels. They were stuffed full of artefacts and the results have been a new museum in Derry and the transformation of the Ulster Museum from a significant provincial repository into one of international importance because it now houses the Armada’s gold. Those finds and their display are part of reason I became a historian of this period. At Streedagh we have three such ships to dig out and exhibit.

Hiram Morgan teaches history at University College Cork and is currently Visiting Scholar at St Catharine’s College Cambridge.

Glens to Sea Conversations: Harnessing Our Landscape


The next Glens to Sea Conversation (#3) will take place this coming Saturday, March 28th, 2:30pm, The Old Court House, Grange, Co Sligo.

Speakers on the day are:

Dr Deirdre Lewis, Unlocking Our Landscapes Potential
Padraig White, Former Managing Director IDA
Nuala McNulty, The Story of Leitrim Landscapes
Siobhan Ryan, Heritage Officer, Sligo County Council
Shane Gallagher, The Wild Atlantic Samlon Story
Tom Morgan, Poet, Field Names & Places, A Reflection

Full programme on or www.facebook/

As with all of the sessions we will precede the ‘talk’ with a local guided walk lead by Dr Deirdre Lewis (Geologist) and Eddie OGorman (Grange and Armada Development Assoc.). We will start at Streedagh Beach near Grange at 12.30pm and aim to be back at the Courthouse at approx 2pm. The weather forecast is promising given that we are still in March. Both the walk and the talk are free and open to anyone. Light food will be available at the back of Moran’s Pub.

The Rudder from Streedagh Beach

A 20ft Rudder from the 1588 Spanish Armada Wrecks at Streedagh was discovered recently by Raymond O’Connor on the beach at Streedagh. He contacted our Association and the Underwater Archaeology Unit of the Department of Environment Heritage and Local Government about the find and has kept it in safe storage at his yard since.

Dr Nessa O’Connor and Dr Doug McElvogue, speakers at Celtic Fringe Festival Lecture Series, were invited to examine the find and offer advice on what action should be taken.
Dr O’Connor was so impressed with the find that she has organised for the rudder to be taken into care by the National Museum and preserved and protected for further study. The Rudder was collected on Tuesday September 30th.

The recently found Rudder is partially damaged and part of it is missing. This is an important piece of history and Grange and Armada Development Association would appreciate if anyone who found such a piece would contact any member of the group so that these 2 important artefacts can be reunited. This is our very own missing treasure.

On behalf of the association operation was coordinated by Donal Gilroy.

Lecture Series at the Celtic Fringe Festival

Saturday, 20th of September: Lecture Series

This year we were delighted to have three speakers at our annual lecture series at the Celtic Fringe Festival. Grange and Armada Development Association are very grateful for their input into a series of lecture and valuable contribution.

Dr Mark Gardiner is a Senior Lecturer in medieval archaeology at Queen’s University Belfast, where he has worked since 1996. He was previously the Deputy Director of the archaeology unit at University College London. He has served as President of the Society for Medieval Archaeology and before that as Editor of the Archaeological Journal. He has a long-standing interest in ships and trade, and has excavated an early medieval trading site at West Hythe in Kent (England) and a late medieval warehouse at Ardglass in Co. Down. In recent years he has been working on trading systems between 1400 and 1700 in the North Atlantic in a project with the University of Vienna, surveying sites in Iceland and Shetland, and has excavated a Hanseatic site at Avaldsnes in Norway.

Dr Gardiner’s paper Harbours, trade and Irish lords in the north-west in the sixteenth century gave us an interesting insight into all aspects of trade in the 16th century. The paper also examined whether the economy of Gaelic Ireland operated on a commercial basis and whether we should expect to find towns in the north and north-west in the sixteenth century.


Dr Douglas McElvogue is a recognised maritime archaeologist of 25 years’ experience. Born in Dumfries, Scotland and raised in Shetland, Douglas comes from a maritime family. Having spent his youth playing and working on the sea, it was a natural progression to diving and working under the sea. A graduate of St Andrews University and University Wales, Bangor his career developed to include Project Manager of the Llyn Peris Boat interpretation and display project at Electric Mountain Visitor Centre Snowdonia, and Senior Research Fellow and Archaeologist at the Mary Rose Trust. He was also the licensed archaeologist for the Streedagh Armada Wrecks. Douglas’s current research includes the wrecks of Samuel Pepys Navy, the Stirling Castle (1703), Warship Anne, and the Mary, as well as the wrecks of the Dutch East India Company.

Dr McElvogue presented us paper Crowned Eagles and Bishops: new research from the Spanish Armada wrecks (1588) La Juliana and La Lavia. This paper introduced the historical background to the Spanish Armada and its outcome with specific reference to the Streedagh wrecks. The finds from the armada wrecks have been put into context and the latest research on the ordnance recovered from two of the Streedagh wrecks La Lavia and La Juliana was presented.


Dr Nessa O’Connor is an Assistant Keeper at National Museum of Ireland. Her area of expertise is Heritage Law and Underwater Archaeology.
Dr O’Connor’s paper The Streedagh Armada Story – A National Museum Perspective has been filled by various elements of conservator’s work. She also discussed the legal aspect and shared with us her experience giving plenty of practical information.


A panel discussion was moderated by Dr John Pender (Sligo IT). Breaks in the lectures were filled by eminent flutist Robert Tobin. Robert raised the whole event to an art. His talent and virtuosity and a well-chosen repertoire added refinement and elegance.

The De Cúellar Trek

Saturday, 20th of September: Eddie O’Gorman, Armada enthusiast, explained the historical background and landscape of 16th Century Ireland along the De Cúellar escape route through the scenic Dartry countryside. Stops included Streedagh Strand, Staad Abbey, Glencar, O’Rourke’s Castle in Castletown, Glenade, McClancy’s Rossclogher Castle with theatrical encounters with the famed adventurer.
Thank you all for taking a part in our historical bus trek. Thank you Anthony Brennan and Luke Devaney of the Grange Players for your wonderful performence. Special thanks to Ewan Davis who played the drum. Thank you Eddie O’Gorman for your commitment and incredible knowledge.

Photos by Przemyslaw Raiwa.